In all beekeeper's books and copy notes there is always a constant need for pictorial presentations of procedures and hive situations. Designations of frames, types of combs, types of brood, are all noted randomly. Here is my proposal for clear and useful mini standard of beekeeper's symbols.
We all witness the wood warping because of moisture. The bee hive producers have a problem of controlling the wood deformations. Here we shall reveal the secret what is the crucial wood deformation of a bee hive in production practice. However the article will be usable not to the ones who make bee hives but the practitioners involved in wood processing for all purpose as well.
Preparing syrup for bees is one of ubiquitous activities every beekeeper do. In order not to be limited to couple of recipes that you have memorized, I shall provide you with my unique formula that will allow you to calculate how much sugar does it take for one liter of syrup for whatever concentration you have on your mind. This simple formula of mine is presented here on Internet for the first time in the next paragraphs...
This text is intended for practitioners, students and others who want to seriously address the practical calculation of drip irrigation. The article is just an introduction, but lays the foundation by which you can make a project of your own irrigation system.